Proportion of a CITY CAR – ideas on automotive design

The aim of this tutorial is to provide you an concept of methods to greatest begin a brand new challenge on this planet of automotive design. Each newbies, college students and even professionals really feel the identical difficulties whendrawing a automobile sort that they’ve by no means drawn earlier than.

The aim of this tutorial is to provide you an concept of methods to greatest begin a brand new challenge on this planet of automotive design. Newbies, college students, and even professionals alike expertise the identical difficulties when drawing a automobile sort that they’ve by no means drawn earlier than. 

Earlier than beginning a challenge, it is rather useful to know the fundamental proportions and hardpoints of the item. Familiarize your self with the package deal and proportions first.

This instance ought to encourage you to investigate the fundamental proportions of various car sorts.


At all times give attention to the facet view first. The facet view comprises all the mandatory info it’s good to draw a automobile. After internalizing the fundamental proportions, will probably be simpler so that you can get outcomes because the fundamental structure is appropriate. 

For the aim of this tutorial, let’s assume it’s good to design a metropolis automobile. Within the first image under, you see the identical automobile however with totally different proportions. Their overhang, wheel dimension, and cabin-to-body ratios are totally different.

The automobile may be constructed or designed like these. Nonetheless, between the 2 designs, the higher one is extra convincing. That is primarily because of the cabin-to-body ratio. To keep away from the error made within the second design and stop different errors, take a detailed have a look at the proportions.

First, attempt to discover out the size and top of the automobile. To seek out the proper wheelbase, it helps to take one wheel as a base unit. Now you’ll be able to guess what number of wheels match between the entrance and rear axle.

Additionally, you’ll be able to see that the overhang of the entrance and rear is about half a wheel. The rear is a bit shorter. The peak is barely multiple wheel.

Within the subsequent step, attempt to get a way of the cabin-to-body ratio. This information is extraordinarily essential as most automobiles are roughly made out of two containers, that are the cabin and physique. You need to know in what ratio the higher field (cabin) is ready on the decrease field (physique). You’ll by no means go incorrect assuming a 1/3 to 2/3 ratio. Whether or not you might be drawing a facet view or a perspective view, it is best to take note of it.

The roofline of a automobile is often not straight however follows a dynamic curve. The top of the occupants often determines the height of the curve. To seek out the placement of the roofline, it helps to attract a straight line down and see in what quantity the road intersects the bottom line.

Subsequent, have a look at the shoulder. You’ll discover that nearly each vehicle has a sure angle. This offers the entire automobile a ahead movement and makes it look dynamic even when it isn’t transferring. You may emphasize this angle generally extra and generally much less. 

Now, it’s also possible to examine the place the entrance gentle and the rear gentle are positioned. In the event you draw a vertical line from the start of the sunshine downwards, you’ll see that it overlaps the entrance and rear wheel.

One other essential level is the place of the A-pillar. It offers you details about the angle of the windshield. In the event you prolong the A-pillar, you see that it’s tangent to the entrance wheel. The door joint is often positioned the place the A-pillar begins. On this case, barely offset behind the entrance wheel.

After finishing the steps above, you’ll have an approximate skeleton of the automobile. When drawing your design on this skeleton, you’ll at all times hit the suitable proportions. 

Now, you may have all the data wanted to begin drawing your individual automobile. In the event you comply with this tutorial, you’ll be able to you’ll want to meet the fundamental package deal and technical necessities of designing a car with the suitable proportions. This may make your sketch look convincing and reasonable.